Fun Stuff

Daily Puzzle - August 24

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Mon, 08/24/2015 - 9:52pm
BrainBashers Daily Puzzle

My BrainBashers electronic world atlas has developed another fault, I did a listing of miles from England to particular countries and here is the result:

Chile     800 miles
Wales   4,200 miles
France  1,100 miles
Italy   3,400 miles

How far away did it list Scotland as?

[Copyright: Kevin Stone]

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Sudoku - August 24 - Easy

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Mon, 08/24/2015 - 9:52pm
BrainBashers Daily Sudoku



Complete the grid such that every row, every column, and the nine 3x3 blocks contain the digits from 1 to 9.

[Copyright: Kevin Stone]

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Game - August 24

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Mon, 08/24/2015 - 9:52pm
BrainBashers Daily Game

Bee Way
   Help the bees to fill all of the beehive cells with honey.
[Played on the BrainBashers Games website]

Categories: Fun Stuff

John Ruskin

Quotes of the Day - Mon, 08/24/2015 - 7:00pm
"When a man is wrapped up in himself, he makes a pretty small package."
Categories: Fun Stuff

F. Scott Fitzgerald

Quotes of the Day - Mon, 08/24/2015 - 7:00pm
"Sometimes it is harder to deprive oneself of a pain than of a pleasure."
Categories: Fun Stuff

Will Durst

Quotes of the Day - Mon, 08/24/2015 - 7:00pm
"I hate the outdoors. To me the outdoors is where the car is."
Categories: Fun Stuff

Dick Cavett

Quotes of the Day - Mon, 08/24/2015 - 7:00pm
"As long as people will accept crap, it will be financially profitable to dispense it."
Categories: Fun Stuff

cannibalize

Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day - Mon, 08/24/2015 - 1:00am

Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for August 24, 2015 is:

cannibalize • \KAN-uh-buh-lyze\  • verb
1 : to take salvageable parts from (as a disabled machine) for use in building or repairing another machine 2 : to take (sales) away from an existing product by selling or being sold as a similar but new product usually from the same manufacturer; also : to affect (as an existing product) adversely by cannibalizing sales 3 : to practice cannibalism

Examples:
The company is risking cannibalizing sales of its flagship truck with this impressive—and less expensive—new model.

"Of the 71 buses in the district's current fleet, three are no longer operational but are being cannibalized for parts—everything from mirrors and batteries to compressors and alternators." — Pat Maio, The San Diego Union-Tribune, July 2, 2015

Did you know?
During World War II, military personnel often used salvageable parts from disabled vehicles and aircraft to repair other vehicles and aircraft. This sacrifice of one thing for the sake of another of its kind must have reminded some folks of cannibalism by humans and animals, because the process came to be known as cannibalizing. The armed forces of this time were also known to cannibalize—that is, to take away personnel from—units to build up other units. It didn't take long for this military slang to become civilianized. Since its demobilization, the term has been used in a variety of contexts.

Categories: Fun Stuff

August 24, 79: Vesuvius erupts

This Day in History - Sun, 08/23/2015 - 11:00pm

After centuries of dormancy, Mount Vesuvius erupts in southern Italy, devastating the prosperous Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and killing thousands. The cities, buried under a thick layer of volcanic material and mud, were never rebuilt and largely forgotten in the course of history. In the 18th century, Pompeii and Herculaneum were rediscovered and excavated, providing an unprecedented archaeological record of the everyday life of an ancient civilization, startlingly preserved in sudden death.

The ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum thrived near the base of Mount Vesuvius at the Bay of Naples. In the time of the early Roman Empire, 20,000 people lived in Pompeii, including merchants, manufacturers, and farmers who exploited the rich soil of the region with numerous vineyards and orchards. None suspected that the black fertile earth was the legacy of earlier eruptions of Mount Vesuvius. Herculaneum was a city of 5,000 and a favorite summer destination for rich Romans. Named for the mythic hero Hercules, Herculaneum housed opulent villas and grand Roman baths. Gambling artifacts found in Herculaneum and a brothel unearthed in Pompeii attest to the decadent nature of the cities. There were smaller resort communities in the area as well, such as the quiet little town of Stabiae.

At noon on August 24, 79 A.D., this pleasure and prosperity came to an end when the peak of Mount Vesuvius exploded, propelling a 10-mile mushroom cloud of ash and pumice into the stratosphere. For the next 12 hours, volcanic ash and a hail of pumice stones up to 3 inches in diameter showered Pompeii, forcing the city’s occupants to flee in terror. Some 2,000 people stayed in Pompeii, holed up in cellars or stone structures, hoping to wait out the eruption.

A westerly wind protected Herculaneum from the initial stage of the eruption, but then a giant cloud of hot ash and gas surged down the western flank of Vesuvius, engulfing the city and burning or asphyxiating all who remained. This lethal cloud was followed by a flood of volcanic mud and rock, burying the city.

The people who remained in Pompeii were killed on the morning of August 25 when a cloud of toxic gas poured into the city, suffocating all that remained. A flow of rock and ash followed, collapsing roofs and walls and burying the dead.

Much of what we know about the eruption comes from an account by Pliny the Younger, who was staying west along the Bay of Naples when Vesuvius exploded. In two letters to the historian Tacitus, he told of how “people covered their heads with pillows, the only defense against a shower of stones,” and of how “a dark and horrible cloud charged with combustible matter suddenly broke and set forth. Some bewailed their own fate. Others prayed to die.” Pliny, only 17 at the time, escaped the catastrophe and later became a noted Roman writer and administrator. His uncle, Pliny the Elder, was less lucky. Pliny the Elder, a celebrated naturalist, at the time of the eruption was the commander of the Roman fleet in the Bay of Naples. After Vesuvius exploded, he took his boats across the bay to Stabiae, to investigate the eruption and reassure terrified citizens. After going ashore, he was overcome by toxic gas and died.

According to Pliny the Younger’s account, the eruption lasted 18 hours. Pompeii was buried under 14 to 17 feet of ash and pumice, and the nearby seacoast was drastically changed. Herculaneum was buried under more than 60 feet of mud and volcanic material. Some residents of Pompeii later returned to dig out their destroyed homes and salvage their valuables, but many treasures were left and then forgotten.

In the 18th century, a well digger unearthed a marble statue on the site of Herculaneum. The local government excavated some other valuable art objects, but the project was abandoned. In 1748, a farmer found traces of Pompeii beneath his vineyard. Since then, excavations have gone on nearly without interruption until the present. In 1927, the Italian government resumed the excavation of Herculaneum, retrieving numerous art treasures, including bronze and marble statues and paintings.

The remains of 2,000 men, women, and children were found at Pompeii. After perishing from asphyxiation, their bodies were covered with ash that hardened and preserved the outline of their bodies. Later, their bodies decomposed to skeletal remains, leaving a kind of plaster mold behind. Archaeologists who found these molds filled the hollows with plaster, revealing in grim detail the death pose of the victims of Vesuvius. The rest of the city is likewise frozen in time, and ordinary objects that tell the story of everyday life in Pompeii are as valuable to archaeologists as the great unearthed statues and frescoes. It was not until 1982 that the first human remains were found at Herculaneum, and these hundreds of skeletons bear ghastly burn marks that testifies to horrifying deaths.

Today, Mount Vesuvius is the only active volcano on the European mainland. Its last eruption was in 1944 and its last major eruption was in 1631. Another eruption is expected in the near future, would could be devastating for the 700,000 people who live in the “death zones” around Vesuvius.

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Puzzle - August 23

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Sun, 08/23/2015 - 9:38pm
BrainBashers Daily Puzzle

Exactly how many minutes is it before six o'clock if 50 minutes ago it was four times as many minutes past three o'clock?

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Sudoku - August 23 - Easy

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Sun, 08/23/2015 - 9:38pm
BrainBashers Daily Sudoku



Complete the grid such that every row, every column, and the nine 3x3 blocks contain the digits from 1 to 9.

[Copyright: Kevin Stone]

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Game - August 23

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Sun, 08/23/2015 - 9:38pm
BrainBashers Daily Game

Eggsplosive
   Try to explode the required number of animals on each level by setting off a chain reaction.
[Played on the BrainBashers Games website]

Categories: Fun Stuff

George Santayana

Quotes of the Day - Sun, 08/23/2015 - 7:00pm
"Science is nothing but developed perception, interpreted intent, common sense rounded out and minutely articulated."
Categories: Fun Stuff

Don Marquis

Quotes of the Day - Sun, 08/23/2015 - 7:00pm
"If you make people think they're thinking, they'll love you; But if you really make them think, they'll hate you."
Categories: Fun Stuff

Isaac Asimov

Quotes of the Day - Sun, 08/23/2015 - 7:00pm
"I do not fear computers. I fear the lack of them."
Categories: Fun Stuff

Wilson Mizner

Quotes of the Day - Sun, 08/23/2015 - 7:00pm
"A good listener is not only popular everywhere, but after a while he gets to know something."
Categories: Fun Stuff

august

Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day - Sun, 08/23/2015 - 1:00am

Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for August 23, 2015 is:

august • \aw-GUST\  • adjective
: marked by majestic dignity or grandeur

Examples:
"But a great deal of life goes on without strong passion: myriads of cravats are carefully tied, dinners attended, even speeches made proposing the health of august personages without the zest arising from a strong desire." — George Eliot, Daniel Deronda, 1876

"When the Académie Française, the most august literary institution in France, inducted Dany Laferrière last month, it insisted that that Haitian-Québécois novelist was the first non-French citizen to enter its ranks." — Rachel Donadio, The New York Times, June 17, 2015

Did you know?
August comes from the Latin word augustus, meaning "consecrated" or "venerable," which in turn is related to the Latin augur, meaning "consecrated by augury" or "auspicious." In 8 B.C. the Roman Senate honored Augustus Caesar, the first Roman emperor, by changing the name of their month Sextilis to Augustus. Old English speakers inherited the name of the month of August, but it wasn't until the late 1500s that august came to be used generically in English, more or less as augustus was in Latin, to refer to someone with imperial qualities.

Categories: Fun Stuff

August 23, 1902: Fannie Farmer opens cooking school

This Day in History - Sat, 08/22/2015 - 11:00pm

On this day in 1902, pioneering cookbook author Fannie Farmer, who changed the way Americans prepare food by advocating the use of standardized measurements in recipes, opens Miss Farmer’s School of Cookery in Boston. In addition to teaching women about cooking, Farmer later educated medical professionals about the importance of proper nutrition for the sick.

Farmer was born March 23, 1857, and raised near Boston, Massachusetts. Her family believed in education for women and Farmer attended Medford High School; however, as a teenager she suffered a paralytic stroke that turned her into a homebound invalid for a period of years. As a result, she was unable to complete high school or attend college and her illness left her with a permanent limp. When she was in her early 30s, Farmer attended the Boston Cooking School. Founded in 1879, the school promoted a scientific approach to food preparation and trained women to become cooking teachers at a time when their employment opportunities were limited. Farmer graduated from the program in 1889 and in 1891 became the school’s principal. In 1896, she published her first cookbook, The Boston Cooking School Cookbook, which included a wide range of straightforward recipes along with information on cooking and sanitation techniques, household management and nutrition. Farmer’s book became a bestseller and revolutionized American cooking through its use of precise measurements, a novel culinary concept at the time.

In 1902, Farmer left the Boston Cooking School and founded Miss Farmer’s School of Cookery. In addition to running her school, she traveled to speaking engagements around the U.S. and continued to write cookbooks. In 1904, she published Food and Cookery for the Sick and Convalescent, which provided food recommendations for specific diseases, nutritional information for children and information about the digestive system, among other topics. Farmer’s expertise in the areas of nutrition and illness led her to lecture at Harvard Medical School.

Farmer died January 15, 1915, at age 57. After Farmer’s death, Alice Bradley, who taught at Miss Farmer’s School of Cookery, took over the business and ran it until the mid-1940s. The Fannie Farmer Cookbook is still in print today.

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Puzzle - August 22

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Sat, 08/22/2015 - 9:24pm
BrainBashers Daily Puzzle

Whoever makes it, tells it not.
Whoever takes it, knows it not.
And whoever knows it, wants it not.
What is it?

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Sudoku - August 22 - Easy

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Sat, 08/22/2015 - 9:24pm
BrainBashers Daily Sudoku



Complete the grid such that every row, every column, and the nine 3x3 blocks contain the digits from 1 to 9.

[Copyright: Kevin Stone]

Categories: Fun Stuff