Boundary Waters Blog
October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month which is an annual campaign to increase awareness of the disease. You’ll notice more pink in October than you will on Valentine’s Day and almost as much pink as you find at our annual Mush for a Cure event on the Gunflint Trail.
A long time ago I created the Pink Paddle. It’s a graphite, bent-shaft canoe paddle made by Wenonah and it’s PINK! I decided to do this to raise funds for breast cancer and thought it was a good idea. It turns out it didn’t raise alot of money for the National Breast Cancer Foundation but Mush for a Cure has. You can find Mush for a Cure on the main sponsor page of the NBCF website as we’ve donated $226,500 over the years.
The Pink Paddles are great paddles and I love paddling with mine. It’s lightweight, durable and always gets attention. The logo on the paddle represents a blessing and means,”May your new beginning bring you strength, peace and tranquility and may your journeys over water always be safe.”
I didn’t order too many of the paddles to begin with and I have a few of the paddles left for sale. On the last order the handles came separate from the shaft so we can cut the paddles to a specific size. We then glue and epoxy the handle onto the shaft and it doesn’t always end up as beautiful as the ones that came pre-cut and glued from the manufacturer. I have retailed them over the years for $155.00 each plus shipping and handling. Depending upon where the paddle is getting shipped the cost varies from $9-$20.
For the month of October we’re willing to let these paddles go for $99 plus shipping and handling. If you’re interested in purchasing one then email or give us a call at 1-888-CANOEIT. It’s a great price for a unique paddle.
It’s the end of the paddling season at Voyageur Canoe Outfitters. We may still have a few folks who come up for a late fall trip but for all practical purposes the 2014 BWCA canoe camping season is over. That means the Voyageur crew will continue to prepare for winter by cleaning and storing all of our canoes and gear.
Sometimes Mike likes to make it easier on the crew by offering used gear for sale. If you buy it then they do not have to deal with it! We still have some nice canoes, packs and paddles for sale at a great price. You may have received an email with this information already but if not, then here it is.
Also included in the email was a special for outfitting in 2015. It is a canoe and equipment package for 50% off but we’re only selling 50 of those and it has to be purchased by October 22nd. You don’t need to know your dates for your trip, you just need to know you’re planning a BWCA or Quetico canoe trip in 2015.
We hope you are planning to visit us in 2015 as we look forward to the next paddling season.
I came across an interesting article about a study done in the Boundary Waters. Thought you might find it interesting too.Popular wilderness area requires intensive management to remain natural
October 17th, 2014 by Lynn Davis in Earth / EnvironmentRecreation ecologist Jeff Marion revisited dozens of campsites in Minnesota’s Boundary Waters that he had surveyed for his doctoral research in 1982.
Recreation ecologist Jeff Marion revisited dozens of campsites in Minnesota’s Boundary Waters that he had surveyed for his doctoral research in 1982.
Some 250,000 annual visitors to Minnesota’s Boundary Waters have a significant impact on the campsites along the area’s 1,000 lakes in America’s most visited wilderness area.
But while tree loss at campsites is huge, the news is not all bad, a Virginia Tech expert on the impacts of recreation on natural resources reported at the National Wilderness Conference in Albuquerque being held through Oct. 19.
In 1982, Jeff Marion, now an adjunct professor in the College of Natural Resources and Environment and a recreation ecologist with the U.S. Geological Survey, surveyed 96 of the 2,200 campsites in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness for his doctoral research.
With funding from his agency and the U.S. Forest Service, which manages the wilderness area, he returned in July 2014 to document the impact of continued use on those sites and to measure recovery on 10 sites that had been closed.
He was assisted by Holly Eagleston of Wenatchee, Washington, and Jeff Feldhaus of Omaha, Nebraska, doctoral students in the Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, and field assistant Claire Underwood.
“In addition to documenting over three decades of camping impacts, this study is focused on helping managers make recreational visitation more sustainable,” said Marion.
An important finding of the 1982 survey is that the impact of site use levels off. The impact on campsites receiving less than a dozen nights of use each year is two-thirds of that on sites receiving 60 or more visits. “Thus it’s better to have a small number of well-used campsites than to disperse use and impact across a large number of sites,” said Marion.
In 1982, researchers found tree damage at almost every site, root exposure at 84 percent of the sites, virtually no seedlings or saplings, and the replacement of native broad-leafed herbs by grasses and some nonnative plants.
In 2014, the researchers made the same 94 measurements at each site. They measured soil loss, root exposure, tree damage, canopy cover, and vegetation cover for each plant species, comparing the campsites to adjacent undisturbed control sites.
“It took 45 minutes per site and we did five or six per day, canoeing in between,” Marion said. “When a site was occupied, we asked permission. It was pretty cool to hear people tell stories about their experiences and about the importance of the Boundary Waters wilderness.”
The researchers documented 34 percent fewer trees on campsites than in 1982 and damage to 44 percent of the remaining trees “despite three decades of Leave No Trace instruction,” said Marion, who was a founding board member of the Leave No Trace education program.
In some cases, the Forest Service had removed potentially hazardous trees, a few sites had been reached by forest fires, and some suffered wind damage, “so we can’t say that trees are missing just because of recreational use,” Marion said. “But visitors continue to cut trees and strip birch bark to start fires, which essentially girdles the trees and can kill them.”
“We found 384 stumps on campsites, and 1,054 stumps were visible from campsite boundaries,” he continued. “That’s an avoidable impact because you can get firewood from fallen trees.”
Site use compacts and erodes the soil, which is one of the impacts that does not level off. The 81 sites measured this year have lost an estimated 194 dump truck loads of soil, or 1,935 cubic yards, Marion reported. “It’s a small amount each year, but cumulative.”
But there was also good news. Nonnative plants, such as dandelions and chickweed, were confined to campsites. The researchers did not find the invasive plant goutweed, which can out-compete native plants and was seen in 1982. The grasses that have spread across the sunnier campsites, a result of tree loss, are effectively reducing erosion.
And the closed sites can recover fully. While noting that impact is rapid and recovery slow, Marion reported that in three cases they were not able to pick the closed sites out of the wilderness. “That is wonderful news,” he said.
He estimated that 15 years is enough time for a site to largely recover. “Bark will even grow over ax scars on trees.”
Designated a protected wilderness area in 1964, the 109.5-million-acre Boundary Waters is among the country’s best-managed wilderness areas, Marion said. “They are leaders in wilderness management. In 1983 I assisted Forest Service staff with a new effort to have their trail maintenance crew work on campsites. We developed site management actions that would prevent or reduce camping impacts.”
Federal budget cuts over the past decade, however, have limited management efforts, according to Marion.
“If you have high visitation you have to pair it with intense management, but you have to do it in a natural way,” he added. The philosophy of wilderness management is for impacts and management to remain “substantially unnoticeable,” according to the Wilderness Act.
As Marion reported at the National Wilderness Conference, which observed the 50th anniversary of the Wilderness Act, suggestions for preserving wilderness areas include closing less sustainable campsites and selecting, constructing, and maintaining more resistant sites. Best management practices include selecting sites that have bedrock in the sloping areas and limited amounts of flat terrain.
“And there must be visitor education, including improved Leave No Trace guidance and better communication,” he said.
Provided by Virginia Tech
“Popular wilderness area requires intensive management to remain natural.” October 17th, 2014. http://phys.org/news/2014-10-popular-wilderness-area-requires-intensive.html
It’s always a beautiful morning on the Gunflint Trail. Thanks Voyageur Crew Tony for sharing the beauty with everyone.
One time when we were out ice fishing and not catching, I kept myself entertained for hours by feeding these hungry camp robbers. I was relaxing on shore with a bag of pretzels and the birds were patiently waiting all around me. I tossed a few broken pieces onto the snow for them and they would soar in to pick them up. They were having difficulties with the hard pieces of pretzels so I decided to chew the pretzels a bit before handing them out. Before long I had birds resting on my cap, in my hand and on my boot waiting for more pretzels to be chewed up. Luckily the contents of the bag disappeared before my jaw fell off and right about the time the anglers were ready to leave.
There are some good-byes you look forward to while others you do not. In the case of the black bear that has been hanging around Voyageur this year we are hoping to see him leave soon. We wish he would go into hibernation and stay out of our neighbor’s garage, off of our deck and out of our outfitting building.
Then there are other good-byes you wish you didn’t have to say. Those are the ones you say to staff when they leave or maybe you don’t even get to say good-bye but wish you could have. Yesterday Luke left and today Elsa and Ron left for the winter. It’s always sad to see them leave even though I know they are happy to get back to the Phillippines. I selfishly wish I could keep them here year round.
There’s a skunk hanging around Voyageur. We’ve never had a skunk on our property and in fact we rarely see them on the Gunflint Trail. We’d be happy to say good-bye to the skunk and wish him no happy returns.
If there’s one thing I’ve learned in my life it’s you don’t always get to choose when or if you get to say good-bye. Sometimes you don’t even know you’re saying good-bye. With the bear or skunk that would be just fine, as long as the leave!
A fun thing to do in the winter on the Gunflint Trail is cross-country ski the Banadad Trail. It’s a long trail(18 miles) and it travels through the Boundary Waters. Mid-way through the trail Boundary Country Trekking has a yurt skiers can stay in overnight. I’ve stayed there a couple of times and absolutely loved it.
Since parts of the Banadad Trail are in the BWCA they can’t use chainsaws to clear the trail. This means all of the work must be done by hand. Like any project the more hands there are the faster and easier the work is. If you’re looking for something to do on October 25th then how about lending a helping hand on the Banadad ski trail?
Banadad Ski Trail Work Day, Annual Meeting and Pizza Party
Saturday, October 25
The Banadad Trail Association invites you to help get the Banadad Ski Trail ready for winter. We will be concentrating our clearing and trimming low hanging tree branches starting at the Banadad’s eastern trailhead. I was out on the first mile of the Banadad from the eastern trailhead and found nine large downed trees blocking the trail including a 12-14 inch Aspen along with several other trees it brought down and on either side of this clump of trees were two more large downed Aspens. These trees are just beyond the Swamp Lake Portage and well within the BWCA where all trail work must be done using hand tools.
If what we experienced on this part of the trail holds for the rest of the Banandad we have got a real job ahead of us. Please join us; we really need your help!”
Volunteers meet for the Trail Work Day at 9:00 am, Saturday, October 25, at Poplar Creek Guesthouse B&B, 11 Poplar Creek Drive (just off the Lima Grade) Gunflint Trail. Hand tools and lunches will be provided to all volunteers. Wear sturdy clothing and boots.
After the work session volunteers and friends of the Banadad are invited to return to Hestons Lodge, 579 South Gunflint Road for the Banadad Trail Association’s fifth Annual Meeting followed by pizza dinner cooked in Heston’s wood fired-outdoor oven and social hour. Festivities at Heston’s begin a 6:00 PM. RSVP, 218-388-2243
For more information on the Trail Work Day and/or the Banadad Trail Association’s Annual Meeting and Dinner contact 218-388-4487.
Hope to see you on Saturday, October 25, Ted Young, Banadad Maintenance and Grooming Administrater
I’ve been spending quite a bit of time in Grand Marais lately. This weekend there was a homecoming football game on Friday night and dance on Saturday night. Our house in town was filled to the brim with kids on both nights. On Saturday night there were over 20 of them at one time for photos. I was happy when Sunday rolled around and we were able to get out of the house and enjoy time outside.
There are so many places to explore around Grand Marais no matter which direction you choose to go. Today we decided to check out Cut Face Creek since I had never explored there. There wasn’t much water so Abby’s friend and I walked through the culvert that goes beneath Highway 61, kind of creepy, a little bit wet but lots of fun. We didn’t go too far up the river as Josh and his friend wanted to go fishing at Cascade River.
We got back in the car and headed West to Cascade. West is the direction people from Grand Marais use to describe what most people refer to as South or towards Duluth, Minnesota. The kids had fun walking along the river and trying to catch fish but we didn’t see any or catch any.
It didn’t matter to me if we caught fish or not. It was just great to be outside on a gorgeous fall day with 3 fun kids.
It’s been a few years since I was on the Gunflint Trail Scenic Byway Committee but that doesn’t mean other people haven’t been working diligently this entire time. A big thank you to the folks who are continually working on making the Gunflint Trail Corridor an even more special place. To thank them for their hard work you can participate in the survey they are asking you to complete so they can keep up their wonderful work.
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Contact: Ryan Miller
1-800-232-0707 (toll free)
Participation Requested in the Gunflint Trail Scenic Byway Survey
(Grand Marais, MN) The Gunflint Trail Scenic Byway Committee, a sub-committee of the Gunflint Trail Association, is working on an update of the Gunflint Trail National Scenic Byway Corridor Management Plan (CMP). The purpose of the update will be to acknowledge changes that have occurred since the 2008 plan such as the Gunflint Trail Scenic Byway’s designation as a National Scenic Byway and also to evaluate the progress of goals and strategies identified in the previous plan.
Public input is being requested through participation in the Gunflint Trail Scenic Byway Survey, which asks participants for their input on aspects of the Corridor Management Plan, specifically what they feel are the strengths, weakness, and opportunities of the Gunflint Trail. The survey will be distributed to members of the Gunflint Trail community and will also be made available at http://www.visitcookcounty.com/communities/gunflint-trail/. The survey will be open through October 23rd.
The Survey was prepared by the Arrowhead Regional Development Commission (ARDC) on behalf of the Gunflint Trail Scenic Byway Committee. Results will be collected by ARDC and analyzed by the Gunflint Trail Scenic Byway Committee and included in the Corridor Management Plan update.
The mission of the Gunflint Trail Scenic Byway Committee is to act as advocates and stewards for the preservation, protection, understanding, and maintenance of the natural historic intrinsic values of the Gunflint Trail (Cook County Road #12) and its corridor. The goal of the Gunflint Trail Scenic Byway Committee is to work with all stakeholders to understand and retain the intrinsic values of the Gunflint Trail corridor for all those who work, live, recreate, and value the area.
For further information on the Gunflint Trail Scenic Byway Survey, please contact Ryan Miller, Associate Planner (218) 529-7552 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Every day you can find an article where someone has gone missing in a wilderness area. Some are lucky and are found alive while others aren’t so lucky. Is it just luck or is there something that separates the survivors from those who perish?
Being prepared may be one thing that helps those who survive through ordeals of being lost. Here’s a release from the Minnesota DNR that might just help you be a survivor.
Learn wilderness survival basics before going afield
A missing duck hunter near Mille Lacs Lake forced to spend the night in the woods is a good reminder that anyone spending time outdoors should know wilderness survival basics, said an official with the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.
A recent news release from the Crow Wing County Sheriff’s Office said that 76-year-old Glenn Huff of Garrison had become disoriented while hunting and was unsure of his whereabouts. Rather than wander aimlessly, Huff then “hunkered down with his dog for the night, and at first light started to make his way back to his vehicle.” The following morning Huff and the dog met up with sheriff’s office deputies who reported Huff in excellent condition following the incident.
“That incident is a good reminder that anyone can get lost in the woods, including hunters,” said acting Capt. John Paurus, DNR enforcement education program coordinator.
Panic is an enemy for those who get lost. They should remember the acronym S.T.O.P.
SIT: They should collect their thoughts and realize they are not lost; they just can’t find camp or vehicle.
THINK: What do they have at their disposal both physical and mental that can help them in this situation? Inventory survival kit and start to develop a plan.
OBSERVE: Look around, is there shelter, water, an open area where searchers could see them?
PLAN: Create a plan of action. Pick a spot that to build a fire for heat and signaling. In addition, can the spot provide basic shelter?
A basic survival kit can be packed into a quart zip-lock bag and should contain the following:
Basic shelter materials: Two 55 gallon garbage bags and 30 feet of braided mason’s line.
Means to start a fire: Disposable lighter, waterproof matches or matches stored in a waterproof container, or 10 feet of toilet paper or Petroleum Jelly soaked cotton balls in a waterproof container.
Means of signaling: Whistle, signal mirror (could be an old CD). A fire is also a signal.
Means of knowing direction: A compass.
Comfort food: Food bar, nuts or trail mix.
Anytime people head outdoors they should plan for the unexpected and be prepared to spend the night in the woods. Here are some musts before heading out.
Always let someone know the destination and return plan.
Carry a compass or GPS and know how to use it.
Carry a basic survival and first-aid kit.
Carry a cell phone.
Check the weather and dress for it.
These outdoor safety tips are part of the DNR hunter education firearms safety program. An online study guide for hunters and outdoor enthusiasts is on the DNR website at www.dnr.state.mn.us/safety/firearms/index.html . Click on HunterCourse.
Some of you may have received an email in your inbox regarding our end of the year sale. If not, and you’re interested in deals, then you might want to sign up to receive our “specials” email newsletter. Just call the office and they can make sure you receive them. 218-388-2224. We don’t send them out very often but when we do you don’t want to miss them. I’m not sure what all we have left but I know if you call or email Hannah, Tony, Mark or Ryan will be able to help you out.
See photos and more by clicking on the link below.
USED COMPLETE OUTFITTING EQUIPMENT PACKAGE
We have created a package with our lightly used gear and a royalex canoe. Included is everything needed for two for your next BWCA or Quetico canoe camping trip! Canoe, tent, pads, sleeping bag, sleeping pad, paddles, cook kit and more for only $1200.00 Shipping available for areas near the twin cities, and possibly Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Iowa or Wisconsin for a small additional charge! Buy Here-Only 5 available.
Featured Used Canoes
This season we have a handful of canoes that we are ready to part with. We have available Royalex canoes, Aluminum canoes, and Lightweight Kevlar canoes in a variety of conditions ready for purchase. Checkout the links below, if you cannot find what you looking for give us a call so we can help you find your dream canoe!
20′ Ultra-Lite Seneca(3 person)
(used for 7 seasons) Good Condition Only $1300
18.5′ Ultra-Lite MN II Canoe
(used for 1 season) Great Condition Only $1600
17′ Ultra-Lite Boundary Waters Canoe
(used for 1 season) Great Condition Only $1600
16′ Ultra-Lite Canak/Kayak
(used for 3 seasons) Great Condition Only $1650
17′ Royalex Spirit II Canoe
(used for 3 seasons) Great Condition Only $500
18.5′ Aluminum Alumacraft Canoe
(2002 canoe) Good Condition Only $500
Winter Guided Lake Trout Fishing Packages
2 Nights in Cozy Winter Accommodations and 1 Day Guided Fishing $399.00 (only 10 packages available)
Join us for a winter adventure. Arrive in the afternoon or evening for your cabin stay. Get up in the morning and spend the day letting an experienced guide show you how and where to catch BWCA winter lake trout. Retire for the second night to enjoy the warmth of the cabin by the fire with your lake trout dinner. Feel free to use your new skills to fish on your own the third day before heading back to reality!
How it works: Simply purchase one voucher, per lodging unit (1-4 people) now and then call us later to set up your reservation dates for any available time this winter season.
No phones, no internet, no snap chat, just quality time together in the Boundary Waters.
Sleep is overrated anyway so you may as well stay awake or at the minimum get up early to catch the total lunar eclipse coming to your neighborhood soon.How to Watch the October 2014 ‘Blood Moon’ Total Lunar Eclipse By Joe Rao, Space.com Skywatching Columnist | October 07, 2014 09:00pm ET
Editor’s Update for 3 p.m. ET: It’s almost time for the total lunar eclipse. To see what the weather will be like in your area before Wednesday morning’s eclipse here: Blood Moon Weather Forecast. You can see our complete eclipse coverage here. For photo tips, read: Capturing the Blood Moon: Views from a Lunar Eclipse Photographer (Op-Ed).
The moon will pass through Earth’s shadow early Wednesday morning (Oct. 8) and no enthusiastic skywatcher should ever miss a total eclipse of the moon. The spectacle is often more beautiful and interesting than one would think. During the time when the moon is entering, and later emerging from, Earth’s shadow, some secondary phenomena may be overlooked.
Wednesday’s total lunar eclipse will be visible, weather permitting, from much of North America, as well as to observers in Australia, western Asia and across the Pacific Ocean. As a veteran of 14 eclipses of the moon, I know that to get the best out of a lunar eclipse, you should know the major stages of the event. To help you prepare for the eclipse, here is a step-by-step chronology of some of the things you can expect to see, weather permitting.
If you can’t see the total eclipse from your own backyard, you can catch it live online via two webcasts from NASA and the Slooh Community Observatory. The NASA webcast — which will feature a chat with the space agency’s moon experts — begins at 3 a.m. EDT (0700 GMT) on Oct. 8, with Slooh’s starting at 5 a.m. EDT (0900 GMT). You can watch both lunar eclipse webcasts on Space.com, or directly through Slooh and NASA.[How to See the Total Lunar Eclipse (Visibility Maps)]
Wednesday’s lunar eclipse will be followed closely by sunrise for some observers, leading to a rare “selenelion” event. It is also the second of four consecutive total eclipse of the moon (the first occurred last April), and is part of a so-called lunar eclipse tetrad.
Since not every eclipse is the same, it’s possible that not all of these events will occur, but many will. Those who know what to look for have a better chance of seeing it! The chart here lists the times to see the major stages of Wednesday’s eclipse, based on different time zones for North America. The dashes in the chart indicate that the moon has dropped below the horizon and is no longer visible for observers in the designated time zone.This chart depicts the different stages of the total lunar eclipse of Oct. 8, 2014, and when they will occur based on different time zones. The lunar eclipse will be visible, weather permitting, to observers across North America, the Pacific Ocean and parts of Asia and Australia.
Credit: Joe Rao/Space.com View full size image
Stages of the total lunar eclipse in Pacific Time:
Stage 1 @ 1:15 a.m. PDT: Moon enters penumbra — The shadow cone of the Earth has two parts: a dark, inner umbra, surrounded by a lighter penumbra. The penumbra is the pale outer portion of the Earth’s shadow. Although the lunar eclipse begins officially at this moment, this is, in essence, an academic event. You won’t see anything unusual happening to the moon — at least not just yet. The Earth’s penumbral shadow is so faint that it remains invisible until the moon is deeply immersed in it. We must wait until the penumbra has reached roughly 70 percent across the moon’s disc to be able to discern the Earth’s shadow. For about the next 40 minutes, the full moon will continue to appear to shine normally, although with each passing minute, it will be progressing ever deeper into the Earth’s outer shadow.
Stage 2 @ 1:56 a.m. PDT: Penumbral shadow begins to appear — Now, the moon has progressed far enough into the penumbra so that it should be evident on the moon’s disc. Start looking for a very light shading to appear on the moon’s upper-left portion. This will become increasingly evident as the minutes pass; the shading will appear to spread and deepen. Just before the moon begins to enter the Earth’s dark umbral shadow, the penumbra should appear as an obvious smudge or tarnishing of the moon’s left portion.
Stage 3 @ 2:14 a.m. PDT: Moon enters the umbra — The moon now begins to cross into the Earth’s dark central shadow, called the umbra. A small, dark scallop shape begins to appear on the moon’s upper-left-hand limb. The partial phases of the eclipse begin, the pace quickens and the change is dramatic. The umbra is much darker than the penumbra and fairly sharp-edged. [Oct. 8 Total Lunar Eclipse Explained (Video)]
As the minutes pass, the dark shadow appears to slowly creep across the moon’s face. At first, the moon’s limb may seem to vanish completely inside of the umbra, but much later, as it moves in deeper, you’ll probably notice it glowing dimly orange, red or brown. Notice also that the edge of the Earth’s shadow projected on the moon is curved. Here is visible evidence that the Earth is a sphere, as deduced by Aristotle from Iunar eclipses he observed in the 4th century B.C. It’s almost as if a dimmer switch were slowly being turned down on the surrounding landscape, as deep shadows of a brilliant moonlit night begin to fade away.
Stage 4 @ 3:07 a.m. PDT: 75-percent coverage — With three-quarters of the moon’s disc now eclipsed, the part of it that is immersed in shadow should begin to light up very faintly, similar to a piece of iron heated to the point where it just begins to glow. It now becomes obvious that the umbral shadow is not complete darkness.
Using binoculars or a small telescope, its outer part is usually light enough to reveal lunar seas and craters, but the central part is much darker, and sometimes no surface features are recognizable. Colors in the umbra vary greatly from one eclipse to the next. Reds and grays usually predominate, but sometimes browns, blues and other tints are encountered.
Stage 5 @ 3:21 a.m. PDT: Less than 5 minutes to totality — Several minutes before (and after) totality — the point at which the moon’s disc is completely eclipsed — the contrast between the remaining pale-yellow sliver and the ruddy-brown coloration spread over the rest of the moon’s disc may produce a beautiful phenomenon sometimes referred to as the “Japanese Lantern Effect.”[How to Photograph the Lunar Eclipse]
Stage 6 @ 3:25 a.m. PDT: Total eclipse begins — When the last of the moon enters the umbra, the total lunar eclipse begins. How the moon will appear during totality is not known. Some eclipses are such a dark gray-black that the moon nearly vanishes from view. At other eclipses, it can glow a bright orange. The reason the moon can be seen at all when it’s totally eclipsed is that sunlight is scattered and refracted around the edge of the Earth by our atmosphere. To an astronaut standing on the moon during totality, the sun would be hidden behind a dark Earth outlined by a brilliant red ring consisting of all the world’s sunrises and sunsets. [Amazing Total Lunar Eclipse Photos of April 2014]
The brightness of this ring around the Earth depends on global weather conditions and the amount of dust suspended in the air. A clear atmosphere on Earth means a bright lunar eclipse. If a major volcanic eruption has injected particles into the stratosphere during the previous couple of years, the eclipse is very dark. As of this writing, three significant volcanic eruptions have occurred pretty recently — Mount Ontake in Japan, Mount Mayon in the Philippines and Mount Bardarbunga in Iceland — so it will be interesting to see if this eclipse will appear a bit darker than normal.
Stage 7 @ 3:55 a.m. PDT: Middle of totality — At this point, the moon is shining anywhere from 10,000 to 100,000 times fainter than it was just a couple of hours ago. Since the moon is moving to the north of the center of the Earth’s umbra, the gradation of color and brightness across the moon’s disc should be such that its lower portion should appear darkest, with hues of deep copper or chocolate brown. Meanwhile, its upper portion — the part of the moon closest to the outer edge of the umbra — should appear brightest, with hues of reds, oranges and even perhaps a soft bluish-white.
Observers away from bright city lights will notice many more stars than were visible earlier in the night. The moon will be in the constellation of Pisces, with the faint planet Uranus positioned roughly a half degree to the moon’s left and readily seen with binoculars. In the eastern United States, the moon will be setting as the sun is rising.
The darkness of the sky is impressive. The surrounding landscape has taken on a somber hue. Before the eclipse, the full moon looked flat and one-dimensional. During totality, however, it will look smaller and three-dimensional, like some weirdly illuminated ball suspended in space.
Before the moon entered the Earth’s shadow, the temperature on its sunlit surface hovered at 266 degrees Fahrenheit (130 degrees C). Since the moon lacks an atmosphere, there is no way that this heat can be stopped from escaping into space as the shadow sweeps by. Now, in shadow, the temperature on the moon has dropped to minus 146 F (minus 99 C) — a drop of 412 F (229 C) in less than 90 minutes!
Stage 8 @ 4:25 a.m. PDT: Total eclipse ends — The emergence of the moon from the shadow begins. The first small segment of the moon begins to reappear, followed again for the next several minutes by the Japanese Lantern Effect.
Stage 9 @ 4:42 a.m. PDT: Seventy-five percent coverage — Any vestiges of coloration within the umbra should be disappearing now. From here on, as the dark shadow methodically creeps off the moon’s disc, it should appear black and featureless. For parts of the Great Lakes, Midwest, Tennessee and Mississippi Valley, the moon will either have set or will be approaching its setting as the sun comes up in the East.The total lunar eclipse of Oct. 8, 2014 will be visible from a wide area on Earth, as shown in this visibility map from released by Sky & Telescope Magazine.
Credit: Sky & Telescope Magazine View full size image
Stage 10 @ 5:34 a.m. PDT: Moon leaves umbra — The dark central shadow clears the moon’s right hand (western) limb.
Stage 11 @ 5:51 a.m. PDT: Penumbra shadow fades away — As the last, faint shading vanishes off the moon’s right portion, the visual show comes to an end.
Stage 12 @ 6:33 a.m. PDT: Moon leaves penumbra —The eclipse “officially” ends, as the moon is completely free of the penumbral shadow.
Editor’s Note: If you snap an amazing picture of the Oct. 8 total lunar eclipse, you can send photos, comments and your name and location to managing editor Tariq Malik at email@example.com.
Joe Rao serves as an instructor and guest lecturer at New York’s Hayden Planetarium. He writes about astronomy for Natural History magazine, the Farmer’s Almanac and other publications, and he is also an on-camera meteorologist for News 12 Westchester, New York. Follow us @Spacedotcom, Facebook and Google+. Original article on Space.com.
A dream team with experience and passion for the craft will help
launch this new brewery in Grand Marais, MN
GRAND MARAIS, MN, OCT 5 – Owners of Voyageur Brewing Company in Grand Marais, MN, today announced its brewing team. The new production brewery and taproom plans to open in Grand Marais, MN, in early 2015. It will be the first of its kind in the area, and first-year production is expected to exceed 1,000 barrels of locally brewed craft beer using Lake Superior water and local ingredients.
The brewing team is critical to that vision and, thus, Voyageur owners – Mike Prom, Cara Sporn, and Bruce Walters – have spent the past several months in an exhaustive nationwide talent search yielding what they call “the dream team.”
Anders Johansen: Anders Johansen is a relentless innovator whose beer has been poured all over the United States, and he’ll assist Voyageur when the company launches its microbrewery in Grand Marais later this year.
Johansen hails from Deschutes Brewery in Oregon, a brewery most craft beer drinkers know by name. He is a superlative brewer and brewery designer who has developed beers at Deschutes, Pyramid and Ninkasi breweries, among others. From getting new breweries off the ground, designing brewery operations and working on small distillery legislation, Anders brings a tremendous amount of skill and expertise to the Voyageur Brewing team.
Jason Baumgarth: Jason Baumgarth gained his experience in the Duluth area, most recently at Carmody’s Pub. He is a passionate beer creator with an extraordinary palate and a true sense of pub culture. Baumgarth says, “I am really looking forward to crafting excellent beer in Grand Marais and becoming a part of such a great community.”
Craig Nicholls is a founder and owner of TurnKey Consulting Company in Portland, Oregon. Having worked with countless breweries and restaurants, Craig is an expert in organic and sustainable brewing and originator of many standards and practices in his home state. Craig has been a powerful guiding force in the origins of Voyageur Brewing early on. He has helped lay the groundwork for a successful, long-term operation, and will continue to support our growth.
“We are absolutely thrilled with the experience, expertise and passion of this – our dream team,” said Cara Sporn, co-owner of Voyageur Brewing. “We couldn’t be more excited to have everyone on board. Now we can start brewing some signature beer that we know will attract those with a real taste for adventure.”
Voyageur Brewing Company plans to fill eight year-round jobs in 2015. Three flagship beers will always be available, and the brewery plans to offer three seasonals in addition to that once they are at full production. Of course, the final slate of beers will be determined with the help of the recently hired brewing team. Sporn suggests that there will likely be an IPA, a Belgian wheat, and either a stout or porter on tap at all times.
This morning a bull moose was in our yard checking out the canoe pile. Of course no one had a camera to snap a photo of it but it is sure fun to see them up close. I’m not sure if they are in rut yet but if not then they will be soon.
The rut season is the one time of the year you might want to be a little cautious around bulls. They have been known to act a little goofy and have charged RV’s, police cars and people. One person we know was charged by a moose and pursued as he ran around and around a tree to keep away from the bull’s antlers.
Here’s a human moose encounter that left one moose cow dead.Park Service cracks down after photo op kills moose
Posted: Thursday, September 25, 2014 4:30 am
By Mike Koshmrl Jackson Hole Daily |
Grand Teton National Park officials will crack down on wildlife viewing and close part of a campground after a moose died Wednesday after a chaotic encounter.
Hordes of wildlife watchers, safari companies and photographers have flocked to the Gros Ventre Campground in recent weeks to get close-up views of moose during mating season, campers say. The commotion Wednesday morning, coupled with a nearby rutting bull moose, led to a fatal accident for an agitated cow moose, park spokeswoman Jackie Skaggs said Wednesday afternoon.
“It was a pretty dramatic incident,” Skaggs said. “This morning the concentration of people and the heightened excitement of the bull moose pursuing a cow moose caused her to run.
“She stumbled over a picnic table, landed into a fire grate and nearly severed her hind leg,” she said. “Because it was a serious, life-threatening injury, rangers euthanized the female moose.”
The cow left behind a yearling calf, Skaggs said.
“The calf was not injured in the commotion during this crush of people,” she said, “but we’re not sure whether the calf will survive the winter without her mother.”
Idaho resident Anne Huebner, who was staying at the campground, said the calf was bleating for its mother near the bank of the Gros Ventre River after the incident.
Huebner said she was at her campsite when she heard rangers’ gunfire around 8:30 a.m. A retired U.S. Forest Service ranger, Huebner was livid about the behavior of people photographing the moose in recent days.
“First of all, they don’t belong in the campground,” she said of the wildlife photographers, likening them to celebrity paparazzi. “They’re mostly trying to get shots, but they’re all way too close and they’re circling them.
“It’s a real shame that a cow has to be killed because human beings are being total jerks,” Huebner said. “It really breaks my heart to see people behaving like that. I feel sick to my stomach.”
Grand Teton park regulations prohibit people from getting nearer than 25 yards to a moose. The limit is 100 yards for bears and wolves.
The rules aren’t always being followed.
“We’ve had several reports of people getting way too close, even getting within 10 feet of a bull moose,” Skaggs said.
Reports this summer have come in of moose damaging cars and a tent, and charging people, Skaggs said.
After the moose was put down Wednesday, some photographers were antagonistic with rangers, she said.
“Comments were being made that ‘This is public land, and I have a right to be here and you can’t tell me to leave,’ ” Skaggs said.
Problems with wildlife watchers and photographers at Gros Ventre Campground have grown bad enough that authorities will soon close down some roads to give moose space, Skaggs said. Plainclothes law enforcement rangers will also patrol the area to cite those unwilling to police themselves, she said.